In March 1946, after the war ended, the 477th Composite Group moved from Godman Field to Lockbourne Army Air Base in Ohio. On July 1, 1947, the 332nd Fighter Group replaced the 477th at Lockbourne. That same year, the Army Air Forces was replaced by the United States Air Force, independent from the Army. The 332nd Fighter Group became the only active Black group in the new service. Large numbers of Black airmen chose to remain in the service, but because of segregation were limited to the 332nd Fighter Group and 477th Composite Group. Opportunities for advancement and promotion were also very limited, which affected morale. Nonetheless, Black airmen and those in other fields continued to perform superbly.